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  Traditional Acupuncture
       Qi        Yin/Yang        Five Elements        Channels        Points
       Diagnosis        Zang-Fu Organs        Chinese Syndromes
 
  QI Next   Back to Top
The concept of Qi (sometimes spelled "Chi", pronounced "chee") is a central concept in Tao teaching that lays the foundation of Chinese Medical thought and acupuncture.
Qi is commonly interpreted as the vital energy that gives life to all living matter. There is nothing comparable in allopathic (conventional Western) medicine. While human physiology in allopathic medicine is organized according to specialized function, Chinese medicine is more concerned with the dynamics of the interrelationships, especially the patterns of vital energy.

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  Yin/Yang Next   Back to Top
Yin and Yang are counter poles; they are each other's opposite in which life is searching for harmony and balance.
Health in this philosophy means balance between Yin and Yang. Illness means that one of the two is too strong or too weak.
The theories of Yin and Yang and Five Elements that exist in dynamic balance and are organized in the systems of cyclic autonomic regulation, by its essence represent the Confucian ideology.
Within this philosophy, all aspects of the invisible and visible world exist in mutual dependence. This view, in turn, explicates the teachings of "Yin-Yang" and of the "5 phases of transformation".
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  Five Elements Next   Back to Top
Another basic concept of acupuncture is the teaching of the Five Phases of Transformation (also known as the Five Elements, more common term and less accurate).
According to the Five Elements philosophy, everything, including energy, passes through cycles. In nature, this can be seen in the four seasons and in the body it is evidenced by the interactions between the main organs.
The Five Elements theory assumes relationships between Metal, Wood, Water, Fire and Earth.
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  Channels Next   Back to Top
According to Chinese medicine, the invisible Qi circulates along a system of conduits. They form a complex network of main channels, minor capillaries and collaterals. There are 14 main interconnected pathways called "meridians" through which this energy circulates, and surface to about 400 acupuncture points. Each meridian is intimately connected with one of the viscera of the body, and each manifests its own characteristics and bears the name of the organ related to it. For example, there's a Liver channel, Heart channel etc.
 
  More about Channels Next   Back to Top



The classical Eastern explanation is that channels of energy or "Qi" run in regular patterns through the body and over its surface. These channels, called meridians, are like rivers flowing through the body to irrigate and nourish the tissues. An obstruction in the movement of these energy "river" is like a dam that backs up, creating imbalance and pain.

Needling the acupuncture points can influence the meridians; the acupuncture needles unblock the obstructions at the "dams", and reestablish the regular flow through the meridians.
The points are selected to work synergistically to treat the whole person, to treat the root (or cause) of a health problem along with a branch (or the symptoms) of a health concern.


Topographically, the circuits of the flow of Qi and the order of the Regular Channels repeat the same pattern (chest to hand - hand to face - face to foot - foot to chest) four times before initiating another cycle.



In a more elaborate form it can be presented below.


The system of channels and collaterals constitutes:

- Fourteen Regular Channels
- Eight Extra Channels
- Fifteen Collaterals
- Twelve Divergent Channels
- Twelve Muscle Regions of the Regular Channels
- Twelve Cutaneous Regions of the Regular Channels


Click on the images to enlarge.
 
  Regular Acupuncture channels: Next   Back to Top
I - LUNGS
     - YIN
      - VENTRAL
      - HAND
      - DESCENDING
      - 11 POINTS
 
II - LARGE INTESTINE
     - YANG
      - VENTRAL
      - HAND
      - ASCENDING
      - 20 POINTS
 
III - STOMACH
     - YANG
      - VENTRAL
      - FOOT
      - DESCENDING
      - 45 POINTS
 
IV - SPLEEN & PANCREAS
     - YIN
      - VENTRAL
      - FOOT
      - ASCENDING
      - 21 POINTS
 
V - HEART
     - YIN
      - VENTRAL
      - HAND
      - DESCENDING
      - 9 POINTS
 
VI - SMALL INTESTINE
     - YANG
      - DORSAL
      - HAND
      - ASCENDING
      - 19 POINTS
 
VII - URINARY BLADDER
     - YANG
      - DORSAL
      - FOOT
      - DESCENDING
      - 67 POINTS
 
VIII - KIDNEY
     - YIN
      - VENTRAL
      - FOOT
      - ASCENDING
      - 27 POINTS
 
IX - PERICARDIUM
     - YIN
      - VENTRAL
      - HAND
      - DESCENDING
      - 9 POINTS
 
X - TRIPLE WARMER
     - YIN
      - DORSAL
      - HAND
      - ASCENDING
      - 23 POINTS
 
XI - GALLBLADDER
     - YANG
      - DORSAL
      - FOOT
      - DESCENDING
      - 44 POINTS
 
XII - LIVER
     - YIN
      - VENTRAL
      - FOOT
      - ASCENDING
      - 14 POINTS
 
XIII - DU-MAI GOVERNNING VESSEL
     - YANG
      - DORSAL
      - ASCENDING
      - 28 POINTS
 
XIV - REN- CONVENTIONAL VESSEL
     - YIN
      - VENTRAL
      - ASCENDING
      - 24 POINTS
 
  Points Next   Back to Top
The 14 main meridians (channels), through which Qi circulates, emerge to the skin surface at the precise locations called acupuncture points. Local stimulation of different acupuncture points (needling, laser, electricity, etc) can influence the activity of corresponding meridian in specific and predictable manner.
361 Points on the meridians described in the classical ancient Chinese medical manuscripts. They are complimented by 171 Extra-Meridian Points with their specific features. Over the last fifty years, 110 "New" Points and 142 Auricular Points discovered.
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  Diagnosis Next   Back to Top
In ancient times, laboratory analyses and tests were not available and acupuncture diagnosis relied mostly on observation. Observation of the skin, eyes, tongue, pulse, etc. can tell a seasoned acupuncturist more than you can imagine. Different schools emphasize different techniques. For example, Japanese acupuncturists do not examine the tongue, but instead palpate the abdomen as part of a routine exam and treatment.
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  Zang-Fu Organs Next   Back to Top
The zang-fu theory explains the physiological function, pathological changes, and mutual relationships of internal organs. Zang and fu consist of the five zang and six fu organs. In traditional Chinese medicine the zang and fu organs are not simply anatomical substances, but more importantly represent the generalization of the physiology and pathology of certain systems of the human body.
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  Chinese Syndromes Next   Back to Top
The basic syndromes of traditional Chinese medicine provide foundation for understanding of the nature of disease; signify the location of pathological changes, the condition of body resistance and pathogenic factors.
There are different methods for differentiating syndromes based on a variety of concepts: "the eight principles"; the theory of zang-fu organs; the theory of six channels; the theory of wei, qi, ying, and xue; the theory of the sanjiao; the theory of qi, blood, and body fluids; according to etiology, etc. Each of these methods has its characteristics and emphasis, while in clinical practice they are interrelated and complement each other.
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  This page last updated: 14-Mar-2015 Back to Top
 
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